Because I can’t think about what to write about next, I’m going to give you all a bunch of links that have helpful information about science in general, and some of the things I find myself referring to or referencing when I talk about science.
Understanding Science: An overview is geared towards students and teachers at the K-12 levels. It has some good explanation of what science is (and is not) and how it is “done.”
Introduction to the Scientific Method is a little higher order than this, and also includes definitions of terminology that is misunderstood. . .like the difference between Theories and Laws.
The Structure, Format, Content, and Style of a Journal-Style Scientific Paper outlines how a piece of research is written up for submission to a science journal. It’s different from your school project, and I think it’s important to note that the Abstract is not as definitive of findings as news reports make it out to be!
What is Soft Science? defines the difference between the methods and results of soft science vs. hard science. It’s some good things to know.
The Sufficient-Component Cause Model will help you understand what “correlation is not causation” means.
“The National Coalition for Health Profession Education in Genetics (NCHPEG), with support from the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Science Research (OBSSR), developed this site to provide sufficient genetics background to allow social and behavioral scientists (SBS) to engage effectively in interdisciplinary research with genetics researchers.”
How Scientific Peer Review Works This is a good article that explains what peer review is, and presents a fairly balanced view of its benefits and its shortcomings.
Related to peer review, this piece from Nature discusses the “Impact Factor” of scientific publications.
Journal Selection for MEDLINE® Indexing at NLM is a FAQ about how a journal is selected to be included in National Library of Medicine at the NIH.